Chlorinators and UV Systems in Greensboro, NC

Bacteria are microorganisms found almost everywhere.  Some may pose serious health risks for owners of private well water systems. Well water contaminated by E. coli and other bacteria can cause a gamut of serious infectious diseases, including dysentery, cholera, hepatitis and typhoid. That’s why it’s crucial to have your well water system tested and treated by water quality workers, like those at Talley Water Treatment. Two of the most common means to treat well water systems in Greensboro, N.C. are chlorinators and UV systems.

Chlorinators in Greensboro, NC

What Is It? A chlorinator is a chemical feed pump that dispenses chlorine – either in a liquid or solid pellet form – directly into the water supply. The time required to disinfect the well depends on chlorine concentration, water temperature and water pH.

Advantages: Chlorinators have been around for a long time. They deliver a constant metered dosage of chlorine.

Disadvantages: The biggest drawback to a chlorinator is the maintenance.   A chlorinator is a small pump that is connected to a solution tank that contains a mixture of chlorine (bleach) and water and the pump is powered by the power to the well pump.  This mixture is then injected into your water supply. This means that every time you run water, it causes the well pump as well as the chlorinator to run.  If you water your grass, fill your swimming pool, or wash the car, the chlorinator is pumping this chlorine mixture the whole time you are using water.  To stop this from happening you must unplug the chlorinator and remember to plug it back in when you have finished what your are doing.  Chlorine taints the taste and smell of the water(these effects can be counteracted by the use of a carbon filter).  Chlorine also requires a relatively long contact time and is not effective against some microorganisms.   Moreover, chlorine interacts with organic matter to yield carcinogens known as trihalomethanes (THM’s).

UV Systems in Greensboro, NC

What Is It? A UV system employs ultraviolet (UV) light, a type of wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum between x-rays and visible light, to kill bacteria in well water supplies. UV rays are found in sunlight and are responsible for painful sunburns. UV systems contain special bulbs, which emit UV light, preferably in the 200 to 300-nm (UV-C) range. The rays penetrate the microorganisms’ genetic core, scrambling their DNA/RNA and rendering them unable to replicate and infect. The process is simple, yet effective.

Advantages: UV systems are small, compact and effective. Because they are non toxic and cause no toxic by-products, there’s no risk of handling and storing hazardous material or overdosing the water supply. UV systems require very little contact time and do not alter the taste, smell or color of the water. Unlike chlorinators, they are effective against Cryptosporidium and Giardia.

Disadvantages: Although they are relatively easy to maintain, UV systems do require periodic lamp and filter replacements and pose a greater initial investment. They are ineffective in turbid or cloudy water. If your water is hard, contains iron or has a low PH, then you will have to pre-treat the water with treatment equipment.

Treating Your Well

If your well needs to be tested for the presence of bacteria or you suspect your well may be contaminated, contact Talley Water Treatment today. Our water quality professionals can test your water supply, assess your particular situation and discuss your options regarding chlorinators and UV systems in Greensboro, N.C. Call us at 336-852-7717 to schedule a water test!